# Calculators & Simulations & Severity Charts

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## Calculators

• CALCULATOR: Bearings

This program allows you to calculate bearing defect frequencies and then view them in a spectrum. Simply enter the number of balls, ball diameter, pitch diameter and contact angle and press “calculate.” The bearing defect frequency calculator will then give you options for which defect frequencies to display in the spectrum. See ball spin frequency, inner race, outer race, harmonics and sidebands. Play around with the numbers and see how they effect the bearing defect frequencies and the patterns in the spectrum.

• CALCULATOR: Fmax

What is the relationship between the Fmax or frequency range you select on your data collector, the number of lines of resolution, the time waveform length, the number of samples and the number of shaft rotations the test will capture? This little calculator will help you learn about these relationships or it will help to remind you if you forget.

• CALCULATOR: Fmax from shaft rotation

If you want to analyze a gearbox in the time waveform and wish to configure your analyzer to collect three revolutions of the shaft, this calculator will help you determine what Fmax to use and how many lines of resolution you will need.

• CALCULATOR: Gearbox

This program will calculate the shaft speeds, the gearmesh frequencies, and the Gear Assembly Phase Frequencies [GAPF] (from common factors) and the Hunting Tooth Frequency [HTF]. The utility will also simulate a spectrum with the shaft frequencies and gearmesh frequencies.

• CALCULATOR: Induction motor

This simulator will let you play with characteristics of an A.C. induction motor. What is the relationship to the number of poles, the actual running speed and the slip frequency? How do these characteristics appear in the spectrum when the motor has a problem? How about motor rotor bars? Where do these appear in the spectrum and what patterns do they create?

• CALCULATOR: Pumps, fans and compressors

What is the relationship between the number of pump impeller and diffuser vanes and the vibration produced by the pump? What is the relationship between the number of fan blades or compressor vanes and their relationship to fan and compressor vibration? This simple Flash® simulator will allow you to explore these questions and answers on your own.  Enter a run speed, number of vanes (blades etc.), number of diffuser vanes and then press “Calculate.” You can check the boxes next to “Show harmonics” and “Show sidebands” to see the effect this has on the spectrum at the bottom. Use the Fmax slider bar to change the frequency range of the plot at the bottom to display the information of interest.

• CALCULATOR: Units conversion

This powerful units conversion calculator allows you to convert all sorts of data units.

• CALCULATOR: Vibration units conversion

This easy to use program allows you to convert vibration units from acceleration to velocity to displacement in both imperial and metric units, in/s, IPS, mm/s, g, rms, pk, pk – pk.

## Simulators

• SIMULATOR: Fan vibration

Adjust the speed and amplitude of vibration in this animated fan and see how these two varibales effect the time waveform. As you increase the speed, the wavelength of the sine wave decreases. As you increase the amplitude, the height of the sine wave increases. This simulator will help you to understand the relationship between the movement of the fan and the vibration produced by its movement.

• SIMULATOR: Field balancing

We have a new single-plane vector balance program. Simply click and drag on the “original” vector and the “trial run” vector and you can see where the correction weight should be placed. You can move the location of the trial weight and change its mass. You can even set your phase convention (with rotation or against rotation (normal)) and you can add fan blades to see how the mass should be split between them. The original version of this program was purchased from Steven Young.

• SIMULATOR: Phase

In this simulator you can adjust the speed, amplitude and relative phase between two fans. This will help you visualize and understand the concept of phase. Simply adjust the knobs or type in values in the fields.

• SIMULATOR: Relation between acceleration, velocity and displacement

In this simulator you can see that as the mass moves around with the shaft, it creates a vibration. We can understand this vibration or quantify it in three different ways. We can talk about how far the shaft moves up or down or side to side under the influence of the mass(displacement). We can talk about fast it is moving (velocity) or we can talk about how fast it is speeding up or slowing down (acceleration).

• SIMULATOR: Signal generator

This signal generator will help you understand how the waveform relates to the spectrum. You can add two or more signals together and see the resultant spectrum. You can also play with amplitude and frequency modulation as well as see how different windows affect the signal.

## Severity Charts

• SEVERITY CHART: ISO 10816 Displacement

ISO 10816 Displacement – interactive vibration severity chart. This chart provides vibration alarm limits as per ISO standards in units of displacement. Click on the units button on the bottom right of the chart to toggle between imperial and metric units.

• SEVERITY CHART: ISO 10816 Velocity

ISO 10816 Velocity – interactive vibration severity chart. This interactive ISO vibration severity chart provides vibration limits in units of velocity for typical machines. Press the “unit” button at the bottom right of the graph to toggle betwee metric and imperial units.

• SEVERITY CHART: ISO 1925 – Mechanical vibration – balancing

Use this ISO 1925 chart to determine appropriate acceptable vibration levels and criteria for your dynamic balancing projects.